Urinary Incontinence

Urinary Incontinence

More than 13 million people in the United States suffer from urinary incontinence. About half of those affected by this disorder are so embarrassed that they never discuss the problem with a health care professional.  This is unfortunate because, in eight out of ten cases, the problem can be relieved.

Urinary incontinence in women is often the result of childbirth, hormonal changes during menopause and the anatomy of the urinary tract.  The leading cause in men is an enlarged prostate and/or prostate surgery. In the elderly, incontinence occurs because of changes in the nervous system.


Types of Urinary Incontinence

Stress incontinence - occurs when physical movement or activity causes urine leakage due to pelvic floor weakness.  Examples of this may be when you cough, sneeze, laugh, or lift an object.

Urge incontinence - occurs when your bladder is overactive, contracting more frequently and urgently.  These inappropriate contractions can stem from reversible causes like a bladder infection, bladder irritability after surgery or poor dietary or behavior habits.

Functional Incontinence – occurs when you are unable to reach the toilet on time due to physical or cognitive problems, or various medications.

Mixed Incontinence - a combination of stress and urge incontinence

Overflow Incontinence - occurs if your bladder is always so full that it continually leaks urine

Causes of Urinary Incontinence:

  • Cancer, radiation or surgery to pelvis area, such as prostate surgery
  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Medications
  • Arthritis, along with other disabilities that make movement difficult
  • Stroke
  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Diabetes
  • Irritation to the bladder, such as infection, stones, cancer and low hormone levels after menopause
  • Blockage, such as an enlarged prostate
  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Weak pelvic floor muscles

Are You Incontinent?

  • Do you need to use an absorbent pad to collect leaking urine?
  • Do you wet the bed at night?
  • Do you go to the bathroom frequently because you’re afraid of wetting yourself?
  • Do you leak urine when you laugh, cough, sneeze, lift or exercise?

The prevention and treatment recommended includes exercises to tone the pelvic and abdominal muscles, biofeedback, electrical stimulation, medications, bladder training, dietary adjustments and/or surgery.

Jupiter Medical Center’s Cary Grossman Health & Wellness Center offers licensed clinical therapists who work with you to develop a treatment plan that is right for you. If you suffer from urinary incontinence we can help. Speak with your physician and request a referral to the Urinary Incontinence Program at Jupiter Medical Center.


For more information, or to schedule an appointment, call 561-263-5775.