Deciding on Treatment Not all men require treatment for their prostate cancer. If you do, a number of treatments are available, including surgery, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy. You and your doctor will want to consider both the benefits and possible side effects of each option. Managing Side Effects The side effects you experience depend on your treatment, and that depends if the cancer has spread from the prostate gland. Your doctor will work to ease any side effects that occur. Prevention and Screening Early prostate cancer may not present any symptoms and can only be found with regular prostate examinations by your doctor. That's why it is important to get routine medical checkups.