The epidermis is the thin outer layer of the skin. It consists of 3 types of cells:
Squamous cells. The outermost layer is continuously shed is called the stratum corneum.
Basal cells. Basal cells are found just under the squamous cells, at the base of the epidermis.
Melanocytes. Melanocytes are also found at the base of the epidermis and make melanin. This gives the skin its color.
The dermis is the middle layer of the skin. The dermis contains the following:
The dermis is held together by a protein called collagen. This layer gives skin flexibility and strength. The dermis also contains pain and touch receptors.
Subcutaneous fat layer
The subcutaneous fat layer is the deepest layer of skin. It consists of a network of collagen and fat cells. It helps conserve the body's heat and protects the body from injury by acting as a shock absorber.