Treatment Protocols for Cancer: Overview The conventional, primary methods of treating cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy/biological therapy. Your doctor will determine which treatment or treatments are best for you. Preparing a Patient For Cancer Treatment The first step in preparing for your cancer treatment is to find an oncologist and treatment center. Ask your general or primary care physician for a referral or contact government and professional medical organizations, such as your state's health department, the National Cancer Institute, or the American Medical Association, for information on cancer specialists and treatment centers in your area. Understanding the Late Effects of Cancer and Its Treatment Buying Drugs Online: It's Convenient and Private, but Beware of 'Rogue Sites' Cancer Treatment Team Your cancer treatment may involve several types of health care professionals who, with you, form the "cancer care team."