Avoiding Eye Injuries in Children Children should wear protective eyewear during sports and recreational activities. In the classroom, they should wear eye protection when doing lab experiments. Corneal Abrasions A corneal abrasion is a scratch or injury to the cornea, the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. This is a very common occurrence in children. Chemical Burns of the Eye A chemical burn occurs when a child gets any type of chemical in his or her eye. This is a medical emergency, and the child should receive immediate medical care. Bruising or Black Eye (Ecchymosis) A black eye should be seen by a doctor to make sure no injury has occurred to the eye itself. Most black eyes heal completely and do not cause any damage. Fractures of the Orbit The orbit is the bony structure around the eye. A blow to the face can break one or more of these bones and can result in severe eye injury and damage. Eyelid Lacerations Eyelid lacerations are cuts to the eyelid caused by trauma. Your child's doctor will examine the eye closely to make sure no damage has occurred to the eye itself. Foreign Bodies in the Eye The foreign object may be in the conjunctiva—the thin membrane that covers the actual eye—or in the cornea, the clear, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. Blood in the Eye (Hyphema) Symptoms of hyphema include blood visible in the eye, usually following some type of trauma. Immediate medical care is necessary. First-Aid for the Eyes A child with a foreign object in the eye should not rub the eye. An eye wash may be able to flush the object out of the eye. If that doesn't work, seek medical attention immediately. Anatomy of the Eye The structures of the eye include the cornea, iris, pupil, macula, retina, and the optic nerve. Cosmetic Safety for Adolescent Contact Lens Wearers Cosmetics are among some of the most common sources of problems for contact lens wearers. Misusing cosmetics can lead to severe adverse reactions.