Teaching Kids to Wash Their Hands It's hard enough to get grownups to wash up. Only two-thirds of adults wash their hands after they use the restroom, studies show. 5 Ways to Avoid Colds and the Flu You don't want to spend this winter battling a runny nose, a nagging cough or a fever. Here's what to do. Pets and Infectious Diseases in Children One way to prevent the spread of disease from your pet: Feed your pet a balanced diet and avoid having your pet eat raw foods or drink out of the toilet. Handwashing Use warm water to wet your hands, then apply soap. Rub your hands together for at least 10 seconds. Rinse thoroughly to remove all soap. Immunizations From polio to chickenpox, many childhood diseases can be prevented by following recommended guidelines for vaccinations. Preventing Childhood Obesity Help your child to a healthy lifestyle by encouraging energetic play and limiting the amount of daily "screen time" - time spent in front of the TV, computer, or video game.