Healthy Cooking Tips for People with Diabetes Steam vegetables in low-fat broth or water, and use vegetable oil spray instead of oil, shortening, or butter. Type 2 Diabetes and Food Choices Understanding how food affects blood glucose is the first step in managing diabetes. And following a diabetes meal plan can help keep you on track. Diabetes and Alcohol Is it OK for people with diabetes to drink alcohol? This is something only you and your health care provider can answer. Sodium and People with Diabetes People with diabetes are encouraged to limit the sodium in their diets to help prevent or to control high blood pressure. Emotional Eating: How to Cope Emotional eating affects most everyone from time to time, but regularly letting your feelings guide your food intake can affect your health.