Anatomy of the Prostate Gland The prostate gland is about the size of a walnut and surrounds the neck of a man’s bladder and urethra—the tube that carries urine from the bladder. Prostate Cancer In the past 30 years, the five-year survival rate for all stages of prostate cancer combined has increased from 73 percent to nearly 100 percent. Diagnostic and Evaluation Procedures for Prostate Cancer Your doctor may evaluate possible prostate problems with an annual physical and a digital rectal exam or a test for prostate-specific antigen. Psychosocial Factors When a man is diagnosed with prostate cancer, it's normal for him to feel scared, angry, or depressed. For Family Members Coping with Prostate Cancer What can you do to help the man in your life with prostate cancer? Keep the lines of communication open.