Anatomy of Female Pelvic Area The female pelvic area contains a number of organs and structures: the endometrium, uterus, ovaries, cervix, vagina, and vulva. Contraception/Birth Control You have a lot of options when it comes to birth control. Some methods don't require a doctor's visit, but others, like oral contraceptives, are available only by prescription. Safer Sex Guidelines The only safe sex is no sex, most health care providers say. But certain precautions and safe behaviors can minimize a person's risk of contracting a sexually transmitted disease. Statistics: Gynecological Health at a Glance Cancer of the endometrium is the most common cancer of the female reproductive organs. Recognizing Gynecologic Problems Vaginal bleeding and discharge are a normal part of your menstrual cycle. If you notice anything different or unusual, talk with your health care provider. Immune System The immune system keeps infectious microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi, out of the body, and destroys any infectious microorganisms that do invade. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Women suffer more frequent and severe symptoms from STDs. Some STDs can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to both infertility and ectopic pregnancy. HIV and AIDS AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus, which kills or impairs cells of the immune system and progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers. Answers to Questions About HPV Learning about HPV can help you avoid infection and seek treatment, if necessary. Chlamydia Can Lead to Infertility A lot of us don't realize that chlamydia and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can cause no symptoms, meaning you could have an STD and not know it.