What to Know About Your Treatment Choices for Breast Cancer The good news is that breast cancer can be treated successfully. Treatments include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or any combination of these. Here's a closer look at each. Stages of Breast Cancer When breast cancer is diagnosed, your doctor will order tests to find out if the cancer has spread from the breast to other parts of the body. This is called staging and is an important step toward planning a treatment program. What to Know About Surgery for Breast Cancer Surgery for Breast Cancer Treatment Surgery to remove as much of the cancer as possible is the primary treatment for breast cancer. Today, women have many surgical options and choices. Tips for Feeling Your Best During Treatment for Breast Cancer Breast Reconstruction Breast reconstruction surgery involves creating a breast mound that comes as close as possible to the form and appearance of the natural breast. Lymphedema After a Mastectomy Whenever the normal drainage pattern in the lymph nodes is disturbed or damaged—often during surgery to remove the lymph nodes—the arm may swell. This swelling, caused by too much fluid, is called lymphedema. Post-Mastectomy Prosthesis A prosthesis can be worn against the skin, inside the pocket of a mastectomy bra, or attached to the chest wall. Prosthetic devices are designed to look feminine and be comfortable. Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer Treatment Radiation therapy is a process that precisely sends high levels of radiation directly to the cancer cells. Radiation done after surgery can kill cancer cells that may not be seen during surgery. Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer Treatment Your oncologist will determine how long and how often you will have chemotherapy treatments. Chemotherapy can be administered intravenously or by pill, and is usually a combination of drugs.