Perimenopause Perimenopause is the period of time before menstruation stops. This time is marked by changes in the menstrual cycle, along with other physical and emotional symptoms. Estrogen's Effects on the Female Body In addition to regulating the menstrual cycle, estrogen affects the reproductive tract, the urinary tract, the heart and blood vessels, bones, breasts, skin, hair, mucous membranes, pelvic muscles, and the brain. Introduction to Menopause When a woman permanently stops having menstrual periods, she has reached the stage of life called menopause. This stage signals the end of a woman's ability to have children. Menopausal Hormone Therapy If you use or are considering using hormone therapy, discuss the possible benefits and risks with your health care provider. Staying Healthy After Menopause Good nutrition and regular exercise can help you stay healthy and youthful at this stage of life. Debunking 10 Aging Myths Many older Americans lead healthy, interesting, and productive lives well into their later years. But that’s not what we usually hear about. Tai Chi: Exercise for Mind and Body Tai chi is called a mind-body type of exercise because it combines meditation, focused breathing, and physical movement. Because it’s also a low-impact exercise, it may be particularly well suited for older adults, but it’s a beneficial exercise for people of all ages.