Overview of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) PM and R is a medical specialty that works to restore function for a person who has been disabled as a result of a disease, disorder, or injury. Pulmonary Rehabilitation A pulmonary rehabilitation program is tailored to meet the needs of the individual patient and the specific lung problem or disease. Community Re-Entry One of the main goals of rehabilitation is to prepare the patient for life after discharge. Choosing a Rehabilitation Unit/CARF Rehabilitation services are provided in many different places, including hospitals, long-term care facilities, and community health centers. Effects of Rehabilitation on the Family One of the most important factors in a patient's recovery is family involvement and support in his or her rehab. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Treatment Team The team is usually directed by a physiatrist, with other specialists playing important roles in the treatment and education process. Patient and Family You as the patient and your family are the most important members of the rehabilitation team. Physiatrist The physician who specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation is called a physiatrist. Respiratory Therapist Respiratory therapists help treat and restore function for patients with airway and breathing problems. Rehabilitation Nurse A rehabilitation nurse specializes in helping people with disabilities and chronic illness to reach their best function and health, and to adapt to an altered lifestyle. Physical Therapist Physical therapists focus on restoring a patient's mobility (movement) and function, and preventing of further disability. Occupational Therapist An occupational therapist helps patients learn how to carry out activities of daily living at home, on the job, and in the community. Registered Dietitian Registered dietitians work with health care providers to calculate calorie and nutrient needs, design special diets, and offer other nutritional advice to patients. Recreation Therapist Recreation therapists design programs to help patients develop social skills and learn to participate in leisure group activities. Rehabilitation Case Manager Case managers usually don't provide direct patient care, but may work either as part of the rehab team or for the patient's insurance company. Clinical Social Worker A clinical social worker is a professional counselor who helps alleviate problems related to personal, family, or social situations. Chaplain Chaplains act as spiritual counselors to help patients and families through periods of crisis. Vocational Rehabilitation Counselor Vocational rehabilitation counselors assist people with disabilities in planning careers and finding and keeping satisfying jobs.