Smoking Cessation Putting out that final cigarette isn't easy, but it's not impossible. In the long run, it will help you prevent many diseases and health problems, including COPD. Air Pollution Air pollution can cause significant health problems—and the danger isn't just outdoors. Indoor pollution, from building materials and air fresheners, for instance, can also affect your health. Occupational Exposures Certain occupations are at greater risk for occupational lung diseases. These include not only coal miners, but also people who repair cars or work in textile factories.