Overview of Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes is a chronic disease that involves the regulation of blood sugar and occurs in two different forms, type 1 and type 2. Type 1 Diabetes in Children Type 1 diabetes usually develops in children or young adults, but can start at any age. Type 2 Diabetes in Children Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder resulting from the body's inability to produce enough, or to properly use, insulin. Hypoglycemia in the Newborn Babies who are more likely to develop hypoglycemia include those born to women who have diabetes. Hypoglycemia in Children Causes of hypoglycemia in children with diabetes may include a missed meal, too much medication, or more exercise than usual. Teens and Diabetes During adolescence, blood sugar levels become harder to control, resulting in levels that swing from too low to too high. Diet and Diabetes It is important to learn about proper meal-planning when your child has diabetes. The type and amount of food your child eats affects his/her blood sugar levels. Your Child's Diabetes Care Team Having a child with diabetes can be overwhelming. Fortunately, a team of experts can guide you now and in the years to come. Back to School with Diabetes When fall arrives, it’s back-to-school time—and for some kids, it’s back to dealing with diabetes in the classroom.