Anatomy of the Brain The brain is an important organ that controls thought, memory, emotion, touch, motor skills, vision, respiration, temperature, hunger, and every process that regulates your body. Anatomy of the Skull Base The skull base offers support from the bottom. Think of it as the interior of the skull, where the brain rests. Anatomy of the Spinal Cord Made up of bundles of nerves, the spinal cord carries signals from your body to your brain, and vice versa. Neurological Examination A neurological exam may be performed with instruments, such as lights and reflex hammers, and usually does not cause any pain to the patient. Overview of Nervous System Disorders Disorders of the nervous system include stroke, infections such as meningitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and functional disorders such as headache and epilepsy. Neurology Neurology is the branch of medicine that is concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. Neurological Surgery Neurological surgery is used to treat disorders of the brain, spine, and nerves. The doctor who specializes in neurological surgery is called a neurosurgeon or neurological surgeon. Endovascular Neurosurgery and Interventional Neuroradiology Endovascular neurosurgery is a subspecialty within neurosurgery that uses catheters and radiology to diagnose and treat various conditions and diseases of the central nervous system.