Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Disease Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease are two types of nervous system disorders that can develop with advancing age. Memory Loss Some people confuse disorganization with a bad memory. You can become better organized and less forgetful by creating a system for handling different types of information easily and routinely. Hearing Problems Older adults are the largest group affected by hearing loss. The contributors to hearing loss range from excessive noise to drugs, toxins, and heredity. Vision Problems Vision problems common in older adults include presbyopia, cataracts, dry eyes, and glaucoma. Learn more about these vision problems and when to seek health care. Heart Disease and Stroke Reduce your risk for heart disease and stroke by adopting a healthy lifestyle. Lifestyle changes can also help you manage heart disease if you already have it. Diabetes Whether you're newly diagnosed or someone who's been living with the condition for a while, find out what you can do to keep your diabetes under control. Breast Cancer The risk for breast cancer increases for a woman older than 50. Early breast cancer usually does not cause pain and may cause no symptoms. Arthritis Arthritis is often mistakenly associated with old age, but it affects people of all ages. It is usually chronic, which means that it rarely changes, or it progresses slowly. Osteoporosis Osteoporosis affects more than 10 million Americans, with women four times more likely to develop osteoporosis than men. Women may lose up to 20 percent of their bone mass in the five to seven years after menopause. Joint Replacement This type of surgery is becoming much more common, particularly among aging baby boomers, but it is usually considered only after other treatment options have failed. Prostate Cancer The prostate makes part of the fluid that carries sperm. Cancer can form inside this gland and exist there for years without causing symptoms. Bladder Problems and Erectile Dysfunction Older women may experience urinary incontinence, and older men may develop erectile dysfunction. Both conditions can be successfully treated. Other Health Concerns Other health issues for older adults: colorectal cancer, chronic pain, pneumonia, shingles, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).