Anatomy of Female Pelvic Area The female pelvic area contains a number of organs and structures: the endometrium, uterus, ovaries, cervix, vagina, and vulva. Menstrual Cycle: An Overview A woman is generally most fertile (able to become pregnant) a few days before, during, and after ovulation. Planning Ahead Take steps now to prepare for pregnancy—starting with a pre-pregnancy exam with your doctor to ensure you are in optimal health. Difficulty Getting Pregnant Infertility is not just a woman's concern. A problem with the male is the sole cause, or a contributing cause, of infertility in about 50 percent of infertile couples. Now that You're Pregnant Good prenatal care is essential for a healthy pregnancy. You can see an OB/GYN, a family doctor, a nurse practitioner, or a certified nurse midwife for care.