Breast Health Getting regular checkups and performing breast self-exams are two important ways to keep your breasts healthy. Gynecological Health An annual pelvic exam and Pap test can help spot gynecological problems before they become serious—and more difficult to treat. Heart Disease & Stroke You may dismiss heart disease as a man's problem, but one woman in 10 who is 45 to 64 has heart disease. That figure rises to one in four for women older than 65. Obesity Obesity is a serious, chronic disease that can inflict substantial harm to a person’s health. If you are obese, you are at higher risk for developing high blood pressure, diabetes, osteoarthritis, and other medical problems. Osteoporosis One in every two women older than 50 will have an osteoporosis-related fracture at some point in her life. You can reduce your risk for osteoporosis by getting regular weight-bearing exercise and boosting your calcium and vitamin D intake. Plastic Surgery The top five cosmetic surgeries in terms of procedures performed are liposuction, breast augmentation, eyelid surgery, nose reshaping, and tummy tuck. Conditions of Concern to Women Some of these conditions include yeast infections, anemia, migraine headaches, and urinary incontinence. Sports Injuries You can help prevent sports injuries by warming up before your workout and cooling down afterward. Keep in mind that women are particularly vulnerable to knee injuries.